Behavior Theory 行動理論

Behavior theory 行動理論

  • Goal setting
    • 良い行動 悪い行動を整理する
  • Self – monitoring
    • Self observation / self evaluation / self reinforcement
    • Self monitoring itself has good effect for behavior
  • Stimulus control
    • Control triggers or condition to enhance ideal behavior
  • Operant reinforcement
    • Contingency
  • Token economy
    • backup
    • プレマックの原理 Premack principle
    • Ignore わがまま。心気症 の訴えを聞き流す。参考https://ja.wikipedia.org/wiki/病気不安症
    • Punishment
      • 負の強化子: 嫌悪刺激 こちらは人権侵害や体罰と誤解されやすいため注意
      • 正の強化子: こちらの方がよりマイルド
        • Time out
        • Response cost
  • Shaping
    • “Shape” new behavior
    • chain a custom behavior to a new behavior
    • 運動学習とは別。
    • one step at a time
    • when you introduce a new behavior, it’s good to ignore the behavior you just learned temporary
  • Response prevention
    • Compulsive behavior
    • Bulimia
  • Social skills training
    • Communication / rehearsal / role playing
  • Cognitive restructuring
    • write down / voice
  • Stress coping / stress management
    • self monitoring / write down what makes you feel stress and realize what is your stress.
  • Relapse prevention
    • prevent relapse before treatment done

Reinforcement

Operant conditioning

Operant conditioning: Schedules of reinforcement | Behavior | MCAT | Khan Academy

Push lever – snack – reinforce positive behavior

Push lever – electrical shock – reinforce negative behavior

Behavior (response) – Consequence (stimulus)

Reinforce positive behavior:

study – improve grade

work – payment

Reinforcer – physical / social / psychological

self reinforcement

あくまで行動がまずいのであって、人格否定をしないように注意。参考:栄養教育論

  • 新行動 S- R 仲介理論
  • Applied behavior analysis 応用行動分析
  • Social learning theory
  • Cognitive behavior therapy


行動理論
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林俊之介ATC/CSCSをフォローする
林 俊之介 ATC/CSCS/PHI Pilates Japan Instructor

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